Knowing when exactly your fertility period is important when you want to have a child. To know it, the main thing is to determine when do you ovulate after period. Find out how to get there in this article.
What is ovulation?
Normally, ovulation occurs once a month, 14 days before the start of menstruation. The ovary, a genital gland located in the abdomen, expels a matured egg. It then lodges in the trunk of the uterus, waiting to be fertilized by a spermatozoon. The life of this egg is very short: 12 to 24 hours maximum.
Taking also into account the life expectancy of the spermatozoa in the cervix (3 to 5 days on average), we can say that the fertility period extends from 4 days before ovulation up to 24 hours later.
How to calculate my ovulation date?
Ovulation always occurs 14 days before the next period. If you have very regular menstrual cycles, you can easily calculate it.
For example, if your period is scheduled for the 27th of the month, you calculate 27-14 = 13: your ovulation will occur on the 13th of the same month.
This technique is unusable if your cycles are irregular, because you cannot predict the day of the beginning of your rules. There are other ways to determine your ovulation date.
Know the date of ovulation through urine tests
ovulation tests are sold in pharmacies. These tests respond to the presence of lutein hormone whose concentration increases sharply in the 24 to 36 hours before ovulation. You can do this test a few days before the middle of your cycle, by dipping the strip into the urine. A positive test indicates that you are close to your ovulation period: the right time to try to make a baby .
Ovulation and Temperature Curve Measuring
Your temperature curve is advisable when you have difficulty getting pregnant. This allows you to know if you have an ovulation each month and to know better the duration of your cycles.
The principle: you must take your temperature every morning at the same time for at least two or three menstrual cycles, with the same thermometer and always in the same way (e.g. oral or rectal). Noting each day the temperature obtained, you will normally notice two periods per cycle: one during which your temperature is quite low (on average 36.5 ° C), the other a little higher (around 37 ° C).
This rise in temperature is due to the production of progesterone (hormone) after ovulation: ovulation is therefore the day before the day when you notice the rise in temperature.
Note also anything that could disrupt your temperature curve (e.g. flu-like state, alcoholic drinks). The data can then be analyzed by a doctor as part of a fertility problem research.